Angebote zu "Rule" (119 Treffer)

Contract Law. Does the postal rule apply to email?
12,99 € *
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Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2015 in the subject Law - Civil / Private / Trade / Anti Trust Law / Business Law, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück (Fakultät Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften), course: Contract Law, language: English, abstract: What can be more palpably absurd than the prospect held out of locomotives travelling twice as fast as stagecoaches? Just as well, people could fire themselves with a firework. In the early 19th century people believed the technological progress has arrived its maximum, but their predictions were wrong. Locomotives became high-speed trains and the stagecoaches disappeared from the post system. The post, which used to take several weeks, arrives after a few days and modern communication systems like fax, telephone and email were established. Yet the contract laws of this times and a rule such as the postal rule are still legally binding and therefore the modern systems and especially email have to be integrated into the legal system. The purpose of this term paper is to critically discuss the arguments for and against the question, does the postal rule apply to email? In the first chapter the general formation of a contract is noted as well as the history and application of the postal rule are explained. Accordingly in the second chapter the process of communication by email is described and the different arguments for and against the main question are critically discussed. Finally the conclusion of the term paper is collectively assessed. Because there exist modern communication systems like fax, telephone and email, the connection between the postal rule and these modern communication systems is frequently discussed in many scientific publications. The textbooks from Mindy Chen-Wishart (2012), Contract Law, and Richard Stone (2008), The modern Law of Contract, give a good overview of the topic. For the discussion i.a. the articles from Valerie Watnick (2004), The Electronic Formation of Contracts and the Common Law Mailbox Rule, and Sharon Christensen (2001), Formation of Contracts by Email - Is it Just the Same as the Post?, are significant.

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Stand: 12.12.2017
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Die Haftung von Aufsichtsräten in Kapitalgesell...
16,99 € *
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Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Jura - Zivilrecht / Handelsrecht, Gesellschaftsrecht, Kartellrecht, Wirtschaftsrecht, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, Veranstaltung: Unternehmensrecht, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In dieser Arbeit möchte ich mich eingehender mit den verschiedenen Formen der Haftung von Aufsichtsratsmitgliedern in (echten) Kapitalgesellschaften auseinandersetzen. Heutzutage gehört es ja fast schon zum guten Ruf für Wirtschaftstreibende, Rechtsanwälte, Lehrende und Prominente in zumindest 1-2 Aufsichtsräten bekannter Unternehmen zu sitzen. Meist lockt das Geld... Schnelles und einfaches Geld, denn viele Aufsichtsratssitzungen finden idR nicht statt und am Tagesgeschäft sind viele eh weder beteiligt noch interessiert. Doch ist es wirklich so einfach verdientes Geld? Was ist, wenn das Unternehmen Konkurs anmeldet? Was ist, wenn sich eine Aufsichtsratsentscheidung als gravierender Fehler entpuppt? Haften die Aufsichtsratsmitglieder? Oder doch nur der Vorstand, bzw der Geschäftsführer? Mit diesen Fragen möchte ich mich in dieser Arbeit auseinandersetzen.

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 12.12.2017
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The non-disclosure rules in EU Directive 2014/1...
16,99 € *
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Masters Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Law - Civil / Private / Trade / Anti Trust Law / Business Law, grade: 73 %, Distinction, University College London, course: Master of Laws, language: English, abstract: The European Union recently enacted Directive 2014/104/EU on certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the European Union (Damages Directive). One of the main purposes of this directive is to balance private and public competition law enforcement, particularly to solve the tension between the Commissions leniency programme and private enforcement. The tension between these two institutions is caused by the fact that potential leniency applicants might be discouraged from applying for the programme if the danger exists that they could find themselves in a worse position than non-applicants in relation to potential damage actions against them. It can be noted that there are generally two ways of solving this tension: (1) to prevent disclosure of leniency material from potential damage claims and (2) to reduce the amount of damages successful leniency applicants have to pay. The EU legislator decided to combine both methods and implemented three provisions to protect the leniency programme. These are the Articles 6 (6) (a), 7 (1), which take the first way, and 11 (4), which limits the damages successful applicants have to pay to the ones suffered by direct or indirect customers and cartel victims which could not obtain damages from other cartelists. Additionally a new Art 16a (2) was very recently (3 August 2015) implemented into Regulation 773/2004 in order to prevent leniency documents in possession of the Commission from being disclosed. In this essay however, I will focus mainly on the non-disclosure rule of Art 6 (6) (a) Regulation 2014/104/EU since this provision does seem to be most controversial. Nevertheless it cannot be analysed without taking into account the other provisions. [...]

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 12.12.2017
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German General Rules of Marine Insurance (ADS)
74,99 € *
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Frontmatter -- Preface -- Contents -- Subjects of the rules and special conditions -- 1. German General Rules of Marine Insurance (ADS) -- 2. DTV Hull Clauses 1978 -- 3. DTV Disbursement etc. Clauses 1978 -- 4. Special Conditions for Cargo (ADS Cargo 1973 - Edition 1984) -- 5. Special Conditions for Open Policies -- 6. Clauses and other Conditions

Anbieter: buecher.de
Stand: 18.01.2018
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Article 31(3)(c) of the Vienna Convention on th...
143,50 € *
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The treatise gives scholars and practitioners useful guidance for resolving the key issues of contemporary investment law (i.e. how best to balance investors rights to investment protection and host states rights to regulate) by applying Article 31(3)(c) VCLT and the so-called Principle of Systemic Integration. It illustrates the potential and limits of harmonious treaty interpretation. For this purpose, it demonstrates the relevance of extraneous rules in the system of international investment law and arbitration, deals extensively with the interpretation of Article 31(3)(c) VCLT, and explains in depth the principle of systemic integration. The author critically analysis - at the example of the FET standard, the prohibition of unlawful expropriation and the various non-discrimination provisions in investment treaties - how investment tribunals and international courts have interpreted investment treaties in the light of extraneous rules of international law.

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 07.11.2017
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Europäisches Bilanzrecht und nationales Gesells...
109,95 € *
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The orientation of the EC accounting directives and (in practice) the IAS/IFRS to corporations on the one hand and their extension to the limited liability company & co. on the other hand raises two questions: firstly, what is the justification for the (subsequent) inclusion of the limited liability company & co. in the EC accounting conventions, and, secondly, is it possible to subject both types of company to the same accounting rules without differentiation, i.e. regardless of their special company law features. Michael Asche , Leipzig.

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 12.12.2017
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»Safe harbor«-Regelungen. - Methodische Grundzü...
62,90 € *
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Im deutschen und europäischen Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensrecht ist der verstärkte Einsatz von als »safe harbor« bezeichneten Regelungen, wie beispielsweise die »business judgment rule« in § 93 Abs. 1 S. 2 AktG, zu beobachten. Ihnen ist gemein, dass sie einen Bereich festlegen, in dem Normadressaten vor dem Eintritt nachteiliger Rechtsfolgen geschützt sind. Gleichwohl gilt der Regelungstyp als »dogmatisch bislang noch wenig aufbereitet« (Fleischer, ZIP 2004, 685, 692). Bisweilen werden selbst das Bestehen einer einheitlichen »safe harbor«-Theorie sowie die davon ausgehenden Privilegierungen hinterfragt. In der Arbeit werden ausgewählte Regelungen im Hinblick auf ein gemeinsames »safe harbor«-Regelungsmuster untersucht. Auf dieser Grundlage wird die Methodik des Regelungsmusters als Folge unterschiedlicher Regelungsstile in »civil« und »common law« herausgearbeitet und seine Eignung zur Rechtssetzung in schwer normierbaren Bereichen des Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensrechts analysiert.

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 07.11.2017
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Recht und Praxis der GEMA - Handbuch und Kommentar
189,95 € *
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The book is a novelty. For the first time the fundamentals of the performance activities of the German Society for Musical Performing Rights and Mechanical Reproduction Rights (GEMA) will be comprehensively presented, expertly explained and scientifically fathomed. In addition to the historical and legal basics, this especially concerns the presentation and elucidation of GEMAs internal rules: The statutes, authorisation agreement and the plan of distribution. An overview concerning the practice of licensing will also be provided. Such a presentation has long since been a sought-after reference factor of practice and science. The reference work should provide those individuals entitled as well as users, supervisory authorities and courts - but also scholars - reliable information concerning the performance activity, and thus contribute to transparency. Professor Dr. Reinhold Kreile ist Vorstandsvorsitzender und Generaldirektor der GEMA. Er ist Rechtsanwalt und war lange Jahre Mitglied des Bundestages. Professor Kreile ist als Autor und Herausgeber zahlreicher Publikationen aus dem Bereich des Urheber- und Wahrnehmungsrechts bekannt. Professor Dr. Jürgen Becker ist Stellvertretender Vorstandsvorsitzender und Chefsyndikus der GEMA sowie Professor an der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg i.Br. Er ist als Autor und Herausgeber zahlreicher Publikationen aus dem Bereich des Urheber- und Wahrnehmungsrechts bekannt. Professor Becker ist zudem Schriftleiter der Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht. Prof. Dr. Karl Riesenhuber ist Professor für Bürgerliches Recht, Deutsches und Europäisches Arbeits- und Wirtschaftsrecht sowie Immaterialgüterrecht an der Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder). Er hat in einer Vielzahl von Beiträgen zum deutschen und Europäischen Wahrnehmungsrecht Stellung genommen; mit der Praxis des Wahrnehmungsrechts ist er aus einer langjährigen Anwalts- und Beratungstätigkeit vertraut. Die Autoren sind ausgewiesene Wissenschaftler und Praktiker auf dem Gebiet des Wahrnehmungsrechts.

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 12.12.2017
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Australian Business Law. A Case Study
2,99 € *
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Essay from the year 2015 in the subject Law - Civil / Private / Trade / Anti Trust Law / Business Law, , course: Business law, language: English, abstract: In this case, Nick needed the rally to be flawless therefore, he promised to give a bonus of $1000. Having paid $5,000 meant that nick was not paying the full payment as agreed. However, the considerations and discharge of obligation meant that the rule in Pinnels case could be applied to ensure that nick paid back the remaining amount[ Pinnels Case, 5 Co. Rep. 117, 77 Eng. Rep. 237 (1902).]. In this case, the consideration could be defined as the price a promisor would pay for the actualization of the promise. Being an essential element of a contract means that the agreement was enforceable in a court of law as it was a binding agreement. Therefore, Nick could sue Nick for the remaining amount as settlement of a lesser amount does not warrant that the rest of the amount could be paid at any time. Using William v Roffey bros. & Nicholls, precedents were set as the contractual obligation agreed upon in the agreement resulted in commercial advantages for the defendant[ Williams v. Roffey Bros. & Nicholls (constractors) Ltd (1990) 2 W.L.R. 1153]. This held the defendant under duress to ensure that he settled the additional sum agreed upon. According to this, the payment agreement meant that the additional sum was enforceable according to the law. Consequently, John could be held at duress to pay the amount he owed Nick as he owed him an amount that amounted to smooth running of the rally. Similar to this is the Stilk v. Myrick case, which would have allowed the plaintiff to hold any progress in the project until the defendant paid the remaining amount in full[ Stilk v. Myrick (1809) 2 camp. 317]. [...]

Anbieter: ciando eBooks
Stand: 12.12.2017
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